Tuesday, June 17, 2008

WHO INVENTED THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL MOBILE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM?



Frederick Jones 1892-1961
He Revolutionized the Food Industry
-He improved the mobile refrigeration system used in trucks, ships, and railway cars.
-This reduced the problem of food spoilage during transportation.
-His invention also allowed blood and medicine to be transported, which is especially useful during wars.
-He was a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Bureau of Standards.


Frederick McKinley Jones

Born May 17, 1893 – February 21, 1961

Air Conditioner for VehiclesPatent #: 2,303,857
Inducted 2007


Frederick Jones invented the first successful system for mobile refrigeration. His invention eliminated the far less effective use of ice and salt to preserve foods for transport and greatly extended the distance over which food could be successfully delivered. Invention ImpactIn the summer of 1938, local merchant Joseph Numero made an offhanded promise to a trucking company to build a refrigerated truck that would not fail when subjected to the normal bumps and vibrations that occur during shipping. Jones, working for Numero, designed a durable, small unit with a compressor mounted under the trailer that was powered by a four-cylinder engine. Used in trucks, railroad cars, ships, and planes, Jones’s technology revolutionized the distribution of food and other perishables, made fresh produce available anywhere in the country year-round, and changed Americans’ eating habits.Jones and Numero went on to found Thermo King Corporation to produce the mobile refrigeration device Jones had invented. Thermo King became an international corporation and had over $1 billion in annual sales when it was acquired by the Ingersoll-Rand Company in 1997.
Inventor Bio
Jones was born in Coventry, Kentucky. Despite having minimal formal schooling, he became the first African-American to be awarded the National Medal of Technology.

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